Damage related to shock absorbers can have fatal consequences for the mechanical parts of the car vehicle Part 1

Damage related to shock absorbers can have fatal consequences for the mechanical parts of the car vehicle

As we have shown above, shock absorbers play an essential role in the suspension, steering, and braking of the vehicle since they are responsible for adhering the tires to the road while maintaining the stability and comfort necessary to drive optimally and safely.

If the shock absorbers are not working properly, the wear of multiple mechanical elements such as suspension springs, steering, differential, steering box, or tires, among others, increases. The consequences of this situation include the risk of aquaplaning when the weather is unfavorable, an increase in braking distance, and driver fatigue.

suspension

With good maintenance, such as a thorough overhaul every 50,000 kilometers, it is not usual to find faults in the system, however, when the shock absorbers are in poor condition it is easy to detect them because of the various anomalies present. We are going to compile these to detect faults easily.

Damage related to shock absorbers can have fatal consequences for the mechanical parts of the car vehicle.

Common malfunctions related to shock absorbers and their possible causes
Below we will list the faults that frequently appear in shock absorbers and the factors that can influence the appearance of these faults:

Vehicle pitching: For example, in sudden braking, the nose of the vehicle lowers too much but when we stop it returns to its position, which indicates that the shock absorbers or springs are very worn.


Vibrations in the steering wheel: If we notice that the steering wheel vibrates especially when braking in a curve, it is likely that the front shock absorber on the outside of the turn is defective, or that the leaf spring on that side is damaged.
Bouncing: If there are oscillations in the bodywork we can check it by pressing and observing if it bounces several times. If so, it is time to replace the shock absorbers, as they are worn out.


Excessive inclination: If in a curve we detect a pronounced inclination towards one of the axles you can make a fault in the hydraulic system or because the stabilizer bar is in poor condition, but most often a shock absorber failure and noises that help identify a failure.

spring has broken

Tire wear: When tires wear unevenly despite being maintained at the same pressure levels, a misalignment in the car vehicle’s suspension is common.
Suspension that is too hard or too soft: Sagging springs, poor tire pressure, or poorly adjusted shock absorbers can result in suspension that is either too hard, making driving difficult and uncomfortable, or too soft, causing loss of control of the vehicle.
diagram

Noises that denote shock absorber failure
Another of the most common symptoms is noises or knocking noises when hitting a bump. If the shock absorbers that our vehicle is equipped with are gas or double action as much as if they are oil or single action, they are usually caused by leaks. Although they could also be due to bad adjustments of the suspension, of the joints, or the wear of some of its components. They can be classified as follows:

Clattering sound: typical of rubber wear or looseness in them, it is produced by driving with a high elevation of the vehicle, as when the tires are poorly leveled. It also shows thread marks on the mounting bracket.

Damage related to shock absorbers can have fatal consequences for the mechanical parts of the car vehicle Part 1
Damage related to shock absorbers can have fatal consequences for the mechanical parts of the car vehicle


Rattling sound: linked to wearing marks on the strut because the bolts are loose or old or the washers have worn out allowing the car vehicle bridge to rattle in the strut.


Whistling noises: coming from the damping valves because the cover that isolates the noises typical of the operation of the shock absorbers has not been properly assembled.

Damage related to shock absorbers can have fatal consequences for the mechanical parts of the car vehicle
Damage related to shock absorbers can have fatal consequences for the mechanical parts of the car vehicle

Ideally, in the event of any of the anomalies mentioned in the article, it is advisable to visit a workshop so that a professional can check the different elements that make up the shock absorbers to remedy the problem in time.